Simple Storage (Starknet-js + Cairo)

In this example, we will use a SimpleStorage Cairo contract deployed on Starknet Sepolia Testnet and show how you can interact with the contract using Starknet-js.

Writing SimpleStorage contract in Cairo

The SimpleStorage contract has only one purpose: storing a number. We want the users to interact with the stored number by writing to the currently stored number and reading the number in the contract.

We will use the following SimpleStorage contract. In the Storage Variables page, you can find explanations for each component of the contract:

trait ISimpleStorage<T> {
    fn set(ref self: T, x: u128);
    fn get(self: @T) -> u128;

mod SimpleStorage {
    struct Storage {
        stored_data: u128

    impl SimpleStorage of super::ISimpleStorage<ContractState> {
        fn set(ref self: ContractState, x: u128) {

        fn get(self: @ContractState) -> u128 {

Because we want to interact with the get and set functions of the SimpleStorage contract using Starknet-js, we define the function signatures in #[starknet::interface]. The functions are defined under the macro #[abi(embed_v0)] where external functions are written.

Only deployed instances of the contract can be interacted with. You can refer to the How to Deploy page. Note down the address of your contract, as it is needed for the following part.

Interacting with SimpleStorage contract

We will interact with the SimpleStorage contract using Starknet-js. Firstly, create a new folder and inside the directory of the new folder, initialize the npm package (click Enter several items, you can skip adding the package info):

$ npm init

Now, package.json file is created. Change the type of the package to a module.

"type": "module"

Let's add Starknet-js as a dependency:

$ npm install starknet@next

Create a file named index.js where we will write JavaScript code to interact with our contract. Let's start our code by importing from Starknet-js, and from other libraries we will need:

import { Account, RpcProvider, json, Contract } from "starknet";
import fs from "fs";
import * as dotenv from "dotenv";

Let's create our provider object, and add our account address as a constant variable. We need the provider in order to send our queries and transactions to a Starknet node that is connected to the Starknet network:

const provider = new RpcProvider({
  nodeUrl: "",
const accountAddress = // 'PASTE_ACCOUNT_ADDRESS_HERE';

The next step is creating an Account object that will be used to sign transactions, so we need to import the account private key. You can access it directly from your keystore with the following command using Starkli:

$ starkli signer keystore inspect-private /path/to/starkli-wallet/keystore.json --raw

Create a .env file in your project folder, and paste your private key as shown in the following line:


Warning: Using .env files is not recommended for production environments, please use .env files only for development purposes! It is HIGHLY recommended to add .gitignore, and include your .env file there if you will be pushing your project to GitHub.

Now, import your private key from the environment variables and create your Account object.

const accountAddress = // 'PASTE_ACCOUNT_PUBLIC_ADDRESS_HERE';
const privateKey = process.env.PRIVATE_KEY;
// "1" is added to show that our account is deployed using Cairo 1.0.
const account = new Account(provider, accountAddress, privateKey, "1");

Now, let's create a Contract object in order to interact with our contract. In order to create the Contract object, we need the ABI and the address of our contract. The ABI contains information about what kind of data structures and functions there are in our contract so that we can interact with them using SDKs like Starknet-js.

We will copy ./target/simple_storage_SimpleStorage.contract_class.json to abi.json in the Scarb project folder. The beginning of the content of the ABI file should look like this:

{"sierra_program":["0x1","0x5","0x0","0x2","0x6","0x3","0x98","0x68","0x18", //...

We can then create the Account object and the Contract object in our index.js file:

const contractAddress = 'PASTE_CONTRACT_ADDRESS_HERE';
const compiledContractAbi = json.parse(
const storageContract = new Contract(

The setup is finished! By calling the fn get(self: @ContractState) -> u128 function, we will be able to read the stored_data variable from the contract:

let getData = await storageContract.get();
console.log("Stored_data:", getData.toString());

In order to run your code, run the command node index.js in your project directory. After a short amount of time, you should see a "0" as the stored data.

Now, we will set a new number to the stored_data variable by calling the fn set(self: @mut ContractState, new_data: u128) function. This is an INVOKE transaction, so we need to sign the transaction with our account's private key and pass along the calldata.

The transaction is signed and broadcasted to the network and it can takes a few seconds for the transaction to be confirmed.

const myCall = storageContract.populate("set", [59]);
const res = await storageContract.set(myCall.calldata);
await provider.waitForTransaction(res.transaction_hash);

// Get the stored data after setting it
getData = await storageContract.get();
console.log("Stored_data after set():", getData.toString());
Last change: 2024-06-25, commit: 0d9f473